The Violation Analysis Inventory (VAI) is a brief, easily administered and automated (computer scored) test specifically designed
for use with defendants convicted of moving violations. The Violation Analysis Inventory (VAI) consists of 105 items and can be completed in 15 to 20 minutes.
The VAI has five (5) scales (measures): 1. Truthfulness Scale, 2. Driver Risk Scale,
3. Self-Esteem Scale, 4. Attitude Scale, and 5. Stress Coping Abilities Scale.
FIVE VIOLATION ANALYSIS INVENTORY SCALES
1. Truthfulness Scale: The Truthfulness Scale measures how truthful the client was while completing the test.
This scale identifies self-protective, guarded and defensive people who minimize or even conceal information. The VAI identifies faking.
2. Driver Risk Scale: Measures the defendants driver risk independent of substance abuse. Some people are
simply irresponsible or aggressive drivers. This scale identifies driver risk.
3. Self-Esteem Scale: This scale reflects a person's explicit valuing and appraisal of self. It incorporates an
attitude of acceptance-approval versus rejection-disapproval. The Self-Esteem Scale reflects how a person perceives themselves.
4. Attitude Scale: Identifies negative outlooks characterized by resistance, entitlement, oppositional disposition
and un-cooperativeness. Positive attitude change is a prerequisite to behavior change. This scale identifies positive or negative features of
5. Stress Coping Abilities Scale: This scale measures how well the applicant copes with stress, tension and
job pressure. Stress exacerbates defendant problems and contributes to mental health and adjustment problems.
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The Violation Analysis Inventory Training Manual provides an in depth discussion of the Violation Analysis Inventory
and how it works.
To review the VAI Training Manual click on this VAI Training Manual link.
The VAI is a proprietary self-report assessment instrument that is completed by the defendant individually or in group testing settings. There are
no forms or questionnaires to be completed by the staff. The VAI is scored and interpreted by the computer, which generates VAI reports on-site.
To Review a Violation Analysis Inventory example report click on this Example VAI Report link.
"Cost information:" the Violation Analysis Inventory (VAI) user agreement, volume discounts and more can be reviewed by clicking on
this VAI Cost link.
Additional information can be provided, upon request, by writing:
Behavior Data Systems, Ltd.
P.O. Box 44256 Phoenix, Arizona 85064-4256
Our telephone number is (602) 234-3506.
Our fax number is (602) 266-8227.
And our e-mail address is